Raw Material: In Kullu Karishma we only work with natural materials.
The Angora rabbit is a variety of domestic rabbit bred for its long, soft wool. The Angora is one of the oldest types of domestic rabbit. Angora rabbits are locally reared in farms all across Kullu. This wool varies from 12 to 14 micron. Angora wool, which is technically a hair, is shorn with the help of scissors as soon as the length of the average fibber is long enough (mostly 70mm or more). The Angora wool is either spun pure / or it is blended with very fine sheep wool which is Australian Merino in origin.
Pashmina refers to a type of fine cashmere wool and the textiles made from it. The wool comes from pashmina goat, which is a special breed of goat indigenous to high altitudes of the Himalayas and is found only at a lowest altitude of 13,500 feet above the sea level. We source our pashmina from Ladakh region where it is traditionally produced. Its comes at 14 microns diameter.
Merino Wool & Other Sheep Wool
Merino is gRawn year-round by Australia's 70 million Merino sheep, consuming a simple blend of water, air, sunshine and grass. Merino benefits from what designers call excellent handle and drape. Merino fibres are extremely fine, enabling them to bend far more than traditional, coarser wool fibres. The merino used by us varies from 17 to 24 micron. This makes Merino wool feel soft and luxuriously gentle next to your skin.
Besides Australian wool, local crossbred wool in the pure form is also handspun and used for making garments as it is also quite soft and has a good handle and feel to it. This wool varies from 26 to 30 microns. The other wool used is the local sheep wool which mostly goes into knitting footwear and handbags.
Tussar which is a wild variety of silk, the worms feeding mostly on Oak leaves unlike the conventional silk in which the worms feed on Mulberry leaves, the fiber is lustrous and has a nice golden color to it. The fiber is handspun pure and or / blends with angora and/or with sheep wool are made and spun into different qualities.
Eri silk another silk quality in which the worms feed on Castor leaves and produce a fine very light golden fibre which has fine sheen blends well with the woollen fibres and is used make shawls and stoles with eri silk being used in the warp.
The yak is a long-haired bovine found throughout the Himalayan region of south Central Asia, the Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia and Russia. In addition to a large domestic population, there is a small, vulnerable wild yak population. Yaks are reared above 4000 meter above sea level and are the pack animals of the highland pastoralists; they are also kept by highland farmers and are used in agricultural operations, besides milk and meat. They gRaw long wool and they are shorn annually and its undercoat is around 20 microns and has a very soft feel.
The cotton fiber, which is mostly machine-spun, is used for knitting or crochet into variety of bags. It is also used in the warp for yardage and for floor mats.